Endometriosis – Holistic Perspective

Endometriosis – Holistic Perspective

Endometriosis, a condition that affects up to 15% of women in their reproductive years, has long been misunderstood and often misdiagnosed. For decades, it has been largely categorised as a hormonal disorder, leading many to believe that it’s just another “woman’s issue” closely tied to the menstrual cycle. However, emerging research and clinical insights have begun to paint a more nuanced picture. This debilitating condition, which often causes severe pelvic pain and even infertility, is now increasingly recognized as a multi-faceted disease involving immune dysfunction, microbial imbalances, and intricate connections with the gut and brain. In this comprehensive blog post, we will delve deep into what endometriosis is, its underlying factors including the crucial role of immune dysfunction and the microbiome, and innovative approaches for treatment. As we explore the evolving perspectives on endometriosis, we’ll also consider natural treatment options—from dietary interventions to herbal supplements—that can be integrated with conventional therapies for a holistic treatment plan. Let’s unpack the complexities of endometriosis and explore paths to better management and understanding.

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Pathophysiology and Immune Dynamics in Endometriosis

Emerging Insights

Endometriosis, a condition where tissue resembling the endometrium grows outside the uterine cavity, has long mystified medical professionals due to its multifaceted etiology and progression. Recent breakthroughs, however, have unveiled a deeper nexus between the disease’s pathophysiology and immune system dysfunction, as well as the potentially significant role of bacterial agents, particularly Fusobacterium.

Historically, the most widely accepted theory behind endometriosis has been retrograde menstruation – the backward flow of menstrual blood, carrying endometrial cells, into the pelvic cavity. Yet, while many women experience retrograde menstruation, only a subset develop endometriosis. This discrepancy begged the question: Why do these ectopic endometrial tissues escape the immune surveillance in some women and thrive?

Emerging research underscores the immune system’s double-edged failure in endometriosis. Firstly, the immune response inadequately clears ectopic endometrial cells. This deficiency is not a passive omission but an active aggravation, as the immune system cultivates an inflammatory milieu that fosters the growth of these misplaced tissues. Women with endometriosis often have heightened levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and immune cells, such as macrophages, concentrated in their pelvic area.

Compounding this scenario is the recent discovery of Fusobacterium’s potential involvement. Found in the endometrium and endometrial lesions of a significant number of endometriosis patients, this bacterium may not only proliferate the disease but also elucidate why certain individuals are more susceptible. Fusobacterium seemingly exacerbates the condition by activating transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling, driving the transition of fibroblasts into more invasive myofibroblasts. These modified cells possess heightened capabilities for proliferation, adhesion, and migration.

When combined, these insights suggest that endometriosis isn’t just a product of errant tissue growth, but a confluence of immune maladaptation and bacterial involvement. As such, understanding these intricate interactions not only refines our grasp of endometriosis but also propels us towards novel, more holistic therapeutic avenues.

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The Uterus-Brain Axis in Endometriosis

Cutting-Edge Research

The concept of the Uterus-Brain Axis is a relatively novel focus in the study of endometriosis, extending our understanding beyond the pelvic area to explore how the uterus communicates with the brain and how this crosstalk might be perturbed in diseases like endometriosis. While the Gut-Brain Axis has received much attention in medical literature, especially regarding its implications for immune and mental health, the Uterus-Brain Axis is beginning to gain a similar spotlight for its nuanced influence on women’s health.

Emerging studies point to a bidirectional communication system between the uterus and the brain, mediated by neural networks and hormone signaling pathways. While the uterus sends signals to the brain via molecules like oxytocin and prostaglandins, the brain reciprocates by modulating uterine function through the secretion of hormones such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). In endometriosis, this axis is suggested to be out of balance.

In a state of chronic inflammation and pain, like that induced by endometriosis, the uterus sends continual distress signals to the brain. This persistent signaling is postulated to not only heighten pain perception but also influence mood and stress responses. Evidence shows that women with endometriosis are more likely to suffer from anxiety and depression, implicating a dysfunctional Uterus-Brain Axis in these mental health outcomes. On the flip side, chronic stress—induced by brain signals—may exacerbate uterine inflammation, thereby creating a vicious feedback loop that further complicates the pathology of endometriosis.

Understanding the Uterus-Brain Axis opens the door for holistic treatments that integrate neurological and gynecological health. Whether through pharmacological interventions targeting neural pathways or behavioral therapies aimed at reducing stress, the manipulation of this axis offers a promising frontier for endometriosis treatment.

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Natural Treatments for Endometriosis

Dietary Interventions

Gluten-Free and Dairy-Free Diets

Emerging research is starting to shed light on how dietary choices may directly or indirectly impact endometriosis symptoms. A gluten-free diet has been shown to improve symptoms for many women with endometriosis. In one study, 75 percent of endometriosis sufferers experienced symptom improvement after twelve months on a gluten-free diet. Dairy, particularly A1 casein found in regular dairy products, also has a role in inflammation and immune system dysfunction. A dairy-free diet can be particularly effective in managing endometriosis symptoms.


FODMAPs (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols) are a group of carbohydrates that can be hard to digest and may exacerbate gastrointestinal issues. Since endometriosis has been linked to gut health, a low FODMAP diet may help manage the symptoms by improving gut functionality and reducing inflammation.

Prebiotics and Probiotics: The Role of Gut Healing and Dysbiosis

The gut microbiome plays a crucial role in endometriosis. Women with the disease have been found to have a high level of gram-negative bacteria and the bacterial toxin LPS (lipopolysaccharide) in their pelvis. Probiotics can help to balance the microbiome, potentially reducing endometriosis symptoms. Prebiotics, on the other hand, nourish the good bacteria and enhance their efficacy. Together, they can be a potent team for gut healing and can potentially offset dysbiosis, thereby aiding in the management of endometriosis.

Herbal and Nutritional Supplements


Berberine is known for its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It has the potential to neutralize LPS, thus addressing the bacterial aspect of endometriosis. Caution should be exercised when taking berberine for extended periods or when combining it with other medications.

N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC)

A natural anti-inflammatory, NAC showed promising results in a clinical trial for treating endometriosis. It had better outcomes than hormonal treatments without the associated side effects.


Curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric, has been shown to reduce the size and activity of endometriosis lesions. It works by blocking estrogen’s stimulating effect and reducing inflammation.

Zinc and Other Nutrients

Zinc is an essential anti-inflammatory nutrient, often found to be deficient in women with endometriosis. It can improve immune function and reduce pain.

Other Treatments

Other complementary therapies include body-identical progesterone, rosemary, resveratrol, castor oil packs, and even lifestyle changes like stress management techniques and physical exercise. These can serve as adjunctive treatments post-surgery or in combination with other therapeutic approaches.

Incorporating these natural treatments into a comprehensive care plan for endometriosis can yield more holistic and sustained benefits. Always consult your healthcare provider before making significant changes to your treatment regimen.

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Take Control of Your Endometriosis Journey Today

Living with endometriosis can be an uphill battle, but emerging research and integrative treatment options offer hope for improved quality of life. It’s time to reclaim your health, and it starts with becoming an informed advocate for your well-being. Whether it’s incorporating dietary changes, supplementing with specific nutrients, or exploring herbal interventions, you have the power to create a multi-faceted treatment plan tailored to your unique needs.

However, it’s crucial to consult your healthcare provider to develop a well-rounded treatment strategy that best suits you. If you’re interested in a more holistic approach to managing endometriosis, consider reaching out to a healthcare professional well-versed in these therapies. Together, you can map out the most effective course of action for you.

Don’t wait to take the first step towards a more empowered, pain-free life. Remember, you’re not alone in this journey, and support and effective treatment options are available. Click the link below to schedule a consultation today, and let’s work together to formulate a treatment plan that’s as unique as you are.

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Histamine Intolerance

Histamine Intolerance

Understanding Histamine Intolerance – A Simple Guide

Hey there, friends! Today, we’re going to talk about something called histamine intolerance. If you’ve never heard of it, don’t worry—we’ll break it down for you in a way that’s easy to understand. So, let’s dive right in!

First off, what is histamine? It’s a natural substance found in our bodies and in some foods. It helps our immune system fight off germs, and it’s also involved in our digestion and nervous system. However, for some people, their bodies struggle to break down histamine properly, which can lead to a buildup of histamine in the body. This is known as histamine intolerance.

What is Histamine?

Histamine is an organic compound that is involved in many crucial functions within our body. It’s a type of biogenic amine, meaning it’s derived from an amino acid—in this case, L-histidine. Our bodies produce histamine through a process called decarboxylation, where the L-histidine decarboxylase enzyme transforms L-histidine into histamine.

Histamine plays several important roles in the body, such as:

Regulating our immune system’s response to foreign substances

Acting as a neurotransmitter, which helps relay signals within the nervous system

Participating in the regulation of stomach acid secretion, essential for proper digestion

Histamine can be found in various cells throughout the body, including mast cells, basophils, enterochromaffin cells, and histaminergic neurons. When released, it interacts with four types of histamine receptors (H1, H2, H3, and H4), which are present in different tissues and organs.

Now that we understand what histamine is, let’s talk about how our bodies metabolise it. The process of breaking down and eliminating histamine is essential for maintaining a healthy balance.

There are two primary enzymes involved in histamine metabolism:

Diamine oxidase (DAO): This enzyme is primarily responsible for breaking down extracellular histamine (histamine found outside of cells) in the digestive system, bloodstream, and other tissues. DAO oxidatively deaminates histamine into imidazole-4-acetaldehyde, which is further metabolised and eventually eliminated from the body.

Histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT): This enzyme is primarily responsible for metabolizing intracellular histamine (histamine found within cells), particularly in the central nervous system. HNMT converts histamine into N-methylhistamine by adding a methyl group, which is then further metabolized and eliminated.

Both DAO and HNMT play crucial roles in maintaining histamine balance within the body. However, when the activity of these enzymes is reduced or impaired, histamine may accumulate, leading to histamine intolerance and its associated symptoms. Several factors can contribute to reduced enzyme activity, including genetic predisposition, certain medications, and health conditions.

By understanding what histamine is and how our bodies metabolize it, we can better appreciate the importance of maintaining a healthy histamine balance and addressing any potential issues that may arise due to histamine intolerance.

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How Does Histamine Intolerance Feel?

Histamine intolerance occurs when there’s an imbalance between the amount of histamine being produced or consumed and the body’s ability to break it down. When the enzymes responsible for histamine metabolism—diamine oxidase (DAO) and histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT)—are not functioning optimally, histamine can build up in the body. This accumulation can lead to a wide range of symptoms that can make everyday life challenging.

People with histamine intolerance may experience various symptoms that affect multiple organ systems, as histamine receptors are found throughout the body.

Some common symptoms include:

Digestive issues: Bloating, gas, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation can occur as a result of histamine affecting the gastrointestinal tract.

Skin reactions: Hives, itching, redness, and even eczema may appear as histamine triggers inflammatory responses in the skin.

Respiratory problems: Histamine can cause nasal congestion, sneezing, and difficulty breathing due to its effects on the respiratory system.

Cardiovascular symptoms: Fluctuations in blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, and dizziness can be experienced as histamine influences blood vessel dilation and constriction.

Neurological symptoms: Headaches, migraines, and even brain fog may arise due to histamine’s role as a neurotransmitter in the nervous system.

It’s essential to note that histamine intolerance can manifest differently from person to person. Some may experience only a few symptoms, while others may be affected by a broader range of issues. The severity of symptoms can also vary, and they may not always be consistent. This variability can make it challenging to pinpoint histamine intolerance as the cause of a person’s discomfort.

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High Histamine Producing Foods

Let’s explore high histamine foods and how they may impact your body. It’s essential to be aware of these foods, as they can cause uncomfortable symptoms for those who are histamine intolerant. Remember, not all of these foods directly contain histamines, but some can trigger histamine release or feed bacteria that produce histamines.

Protein sources: Be cautious of eggs, seafood (including fresh shellfish, finfish, and smoked or canned products), Greek yogurt, kefir yogurt, bone broth, and processed or cured meats like bacon, sausages, and salami.

Veggies: Keep an eye on tomatoes, spinach, eggplant, and fermented foods such as pickles, kimchi, natto, tempeh, kombucha, and sauerkraut.

Carb-rich foods: Certain fruits, like citrus, pineapple, papaya, kiwi, grapes, plums, passion fruit, and most berries (blueberries and blackberries are exceptions), can be high in histamines. Yeast products, gluten grains, dried fruits, beans, legumes, lentils, peas, soy products, pumpkin, and processed carbs can also be problematic.

Fats: Dairy products like milk, cream, sour cream, cheese, and butter, as well as vegetable oils (such as canola, safflower, sunflower, soybean, and peanut oil) found in many takeout, restaurant, and packaged foods, can be high in histamines.

Herbs, spices, and flavors: Some seasonings, such as chili powder, cloves, anise, nutmeg, curry powder, cayenne, soy sauce, yeast, ketchup, mustard, vinegars, salad dressings, relishes, tomato-based sauces, and processed sauces, may contribute to histamine levels. Additionally, watch out for artificial flavors, preservatives, additives, and colors in processed foods.

Drinks: Herbal teas, milk, alcohol (especially beer, cider, champagne, and wine), sugar-sweetened beverages, and fermented drinks like kombucha and kefir milk may also trigger histamine intolerance symptoms.

Being aware of high histamine foods can help you make informed choices about your diet, especially if you’re histamine intolerant. Keep in mind that everyone’s body is unique, and what affects one person may not impact another. Listen to your body and work with a healthcare professional to create a personalised dietary plan that supports your well-being.

Hormones and Histamine

The connection you should know about

Histamine intolerance and hormone imbalances are closely linked, as hormones can significantly impact the way your body processes and reacts to histamines. Understanding this relationship can help you better manage your histamine intolerance symptoms and support your overall health.

Estrogen and Histamine Intolerance

Estrogen, a primary female sex hormone, plays a crucial role in the relationship between hormones and histamine intolerance. Estrogen can stimulate the release of histamine from mast cells and even increase its production. Additionally, histamine can trigger the production of more estrogen, creating a cycle that exacerbates histamine intolerance symptoms in some individuals.

Women with estrogen dominance, a hormonal imbalance where estrogen levels are disproportionately higher than progesterone levels, may be more susceptible to histamine intolerance. This is because the increased estrogen levels may further stimulate histamine release, leading to a heightened sensitivity to histamine-rich foods and more severe symptoms.

Progesterone and Histamine Intolerance

Progesterone, another essential female sex hormone, can help counteract the effects of estrogen on histamine release. Progesterone has a stabilizing effect on mast cells, reducing histamine release and potentially alleviating histamine intolerance symptoms.

In cases of progesterone deficiency or estrogen dominance, the lack of progesterone’s stabilizing influence may make it more difficult for the body to manage histamine levels, contributing to histamine intolerance symptoms.

Hormonal Fluctuations and Histamine Intolerance

Hormonal fluctuations throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle may also impact histamine intolerance. As estrogen levels rise and fall during the cycle, histamine intolerance symptoms may worsen during specific phases, particularly when estrogen levels peak.

Women experiencing perimenopause, menopause, or conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) that cause hormonal imbalances may also find their histamine intolerance symptoms worsen during these times.

Managing Hormones and Histamine Intolerance

To address the relationship between hormones and histamine intolerance, consider working with a healthcare professional who can help you identify and treat underlying hormonal imbalances. Balancing estrogen and progesterone levels, along with adopting a low-histamine diet, can support the management of histamine intolerance symptoms.

Remember that everyone’s body is unique, and the relationship between hormones and histamine intolerance may vary from person to person. By understanding this connection and working with a healthcare professional to create a personalised plan, you can better manage your histamine intolerance and support your overall well-being.

Healing the GUT

Your Secret Weapon Against Histamine Intolerance

Histamine intolerance can be a frustrating and challenging condition to manage. Many people turn to diamine oxidase (DAO) supplements for relief, but this approach only offers a temporary fix. To truly overcome histamine intolerance, it’s essential to focus on healing the gut and addressing the root cause: gut dysbiosis, or microbial imbalance.

Gut Health and DAO Production

DAO, the enzyme responsible for breaking down histamine, is produced by the lining of your intestine. This means that a healthy gut is essential for maintaining proper DAO levels. Damage to the gut lining can result in decreased DAO production, which in turn can lead to histamine intolerance.

Gut dysbiosis, an imbalance of good and bad bacteria in the gut, is a key factor contributing to gut lining damage and histamine intolerance. This imbalance can cause over-activation of the immune system, increasing histamine levels and exacerbating symptoms.

The Gut-Histamine Intolerance Connection

There’s a clear link between gut health and histamine intolerance. For example, altered histamine receptor expression is observed in people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), a condition often driven by gut dysbiosis. Moreover, many people with histamine intolerance also have Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO), a potential effect of chronic gut dysbiosis.

Tackling Histamine Intolerance by Restoring Gut Balance

To effectively manage histamine intolerance, you need to address gut dysbiosis and restore balance to your gut bacteria. Here are a few strategies to help you do just that:

Choose gut-friendly foods: Focus on a diet rich in whole, unprocessed foods that promote gut health, such as fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats, and fiber. Avoid foods that can exacerbate histamine intolerance or contribute to gut dysbiosis.

Find the right probiotics: Not all probiotics are created equal. While some strains of bacteria can produce histamine, there are others that have been found to reduce histamine production in the gut. Consult a healthcare professional to help you select the right probiotic for your needs.

Identify and address underlying issues: Depending on your symptoms, you may need to investigate and address other gut-related issues, such as SIBO or IBS, which can contribute to histamine intolerance.

Work with a healthcare professional: Partner with a healthcare professional who can guide you in developing a personalized plan to address gut dysbiosis, heal your gut, and manage histamine intolerance.

By focusing on healing your gut and addressing the root cause of histamine intolerance, you can enjoy a better quality of life and reduce your reliance on temporary fixes like DAO supplements. Remember, a healthy gut is your secret weapon in the battle against histamine intolerance.

Are you struggling with histamine intolerance and ready to take control of your health? Don’t let this condition hold you back from living your best life! At Total Healthcare Naturally, our experienced naturopathic professional is here to help you heal your gut and manage histamine intolerance effectively.

Book an appointment  today, and let’s work together to create a personalised plan that addresses your unique needs. I’ll guide you through the process of restoring gut balance, selecting the right probiotics, meal planning and tackling any underlying issues that may be contributing to your histamine intolerance.

Take the first step towards better health and improved quality of life by booking your appointment now. You deserve to feel your best, and I’m here to help you achieve it. Click the link below to schedule your consultation, and let’s embark on this healing journey together.

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“Discover Your Path to Wellness: A 15-minute Discovery Call”

Are you ready to take control of your health but unsure where to start? Book a 15-minute discovery call with one of our experienced naturopathic professionals at Total Healthcare Naturally. During this complimentary call, we’ll discuss your health concerns, goals, and how our tailored approach can help you on your journey to optimal wellness. This is a no-obligation conversation designed to ensure we’re the right fit for your unique needs. Let’s explore your path to better health together. Book your discovery call today!

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Revitalise Your Gallbladder

Revitalise Your Gallbladder

Embrace Bitter Foods for a Healthier Gallbladder

Today we are delving into the fascinating world of bitter foods and how they can help cleanse and support your gallbladder’s health. As a naturopathic practitioner, I’ve seen time and time again how bitter foods can make a positive impact on our overall wellbeing, particularly in the realm of digestion and hormonal health.

The Bitter Foods and the Gallbladder

The gallbladder plays an essential role in the digestive process, storing bile produced by the liver and releasing it into the small intestine to break down fats. Bitter foods, such as leafy greens, dandelion root, and artichokes, have been shown to promote the production of bile, which in turn supports the overall function of the gallbladder.

Including bitter foods in your diet can help prevent gallstone formation and improve the flow of bile. By stimulating the release of bile, bitter foods can help flush out excess cholesterol and other waste products that contribute to gallstone formation. For a more indepth look into the role of bitter herbs on our health check out by blog post on Bitter Food, Sweeter Life.

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Benefits of a Gallbladder and Liver Cleanse

Let’s go through some of the benefits we can expect from doing a gallbladder and liver cleanse.

Improved digestion

A cleanse can help eliminate toxins and improve bile flow, resulting in better digestion and nutrient absorption.

Reducing Inflammation

By detoxifying the liver and gallbladder, a cleanse can help reduce inflammation throughout the body, potentially easing symptoms of various inflammatory conditions.

Enhanced energy levels

Removing toxins from the liver and gallbladder can help improve overall energy levels and vitality.

Weight management

A cleanse may aid in weight loss by promoting a healthier metabolism and improving digestion.

Hormonal balance

A healthy liver and gallbladder are essential for proper hormone production and balance, which can lead to improved mood and overall well-being.

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Herbal Medicine for Optimal Gallbladder Health

In addition to these dietary measures to support the gallbladder, herbal medicines can play an important role in practice. Let’s run through a few of the herbal medicine I commonly use in clinic to support the gallbladder.

Bitter Herbs

Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) – Milk thistle is a well-known liver tonic that also supports the gallbladder by promoting bile production and flow. Its active ingredient, silymarin, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can protect the liver and gallbladder from damage.

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) – Dandelion root is another bitter herb that helps stimulate bile production and aids in detoxification. It supports both the liver and gallbladder, making it a valuable addition to any gallbladder cleanse.

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) – Turmeric, a powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant herb, contains curcumin, which can help reduce inflammation in the gallbladder and promote bile flow.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) – Peppermint is known for its ability to relax the smooth muscles of the gallbladder, which can help prevent or reduce the severity of gallstone attacks. It also aids in digestion by stimulating bile production.

Artichoke (Cynara scolymus) – Artichoke is a natural source of cynarin, which helps increase bile production and flow. It can aid in breaking down fats and support overall liver and gallbladder function.

Boldo (Peumus boldus) – Boldo is a South American herb traditionally used to stimulate bile production and secretion, ease gallbladder discomfort, and improve digestion.

Before embarking on a gallbladder cleanse, it’s essential to be aware of potential risks and complications, particularly if you have existing gallstones. Gallstones can range in size from small particles to large stones, and attempting a cleanse without proper medical guidance may result in complications.

When gallstones are present, a gallbladder cleanse could cause the stones to move, potentially leading to blockages in the bile ducts. Blocked bile ducts can cause severe pain, inflammation, and infection, requiring immediate medical attention. In some cases, emergency surgery may be necessary to remove the gallstones or even the entire gallbladder.

Certain herbs or supplements used in a gallbladder cleanse may interact with medications or cause adverse reactions in individuals with specific health conditions. It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a naturopath or medical doctor, before starting any cleanse or herbal regimen to ensure it is safe and suitable for your individual health needs.

Personalised Meal Plans for your Gallbladder Cleanse

To support your journey towards a healthier gallbladder and liver, we offer personalised meal plans tailored to your individual needs. Whether you are looking for a plant-based cleanse or prefer to include animal-based products, our clinic provides customised meal plans to help you achieve optimal gallbladder health.

Our meal plans not only incorporate the powerful benefits of bitter foods but also provide guidance on other essential nutrients and lifestyle choices to enhance your cleanse. By following a personalised meal plan, you can experience the benefits of a gallbladder and liver cleanse while still enjoying delicious and satisfying meals.

Are you ready to take the first step towards improved gallbladder and liver health? Contact our clinic today to discuss our meal plan options for both a plant-based and a non-plant-based gallbladder cleanse. Let’s work together to create a personalized cleanse that not only supports your gallbladder and liver but also aligns with your dietary preferences and lifestyle.

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Menopause Makeover – 8 week program

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Bitter Food, Sweeter Life

Bitter Food, Sweeter Life

In today’s world of sweet, sour, savory, and salty flavours, the bitter taste is rarely seen on the plate in western cultures. However, recent discoveries suggest that incorporating bitter foods and herbs into our diet can significantly improve hormonal health and digestion, which would be very helpful during menopause. In this blog, we’ll explore the importance of bitter foods, their impact on our health, and how to incorporate them into our daily lives.

The Bitter Truth

Understanding the role of Bitter Taste Receptors traditionally, it was believed that bitters stimulated digestion by interacting with receptors on the tongue, which then sent signals to the brain and digestive organs. Recent research has identified around 30 bitter taste receptors (TAS2Rs) and has also discovered that these receptors are not restricted to the mouth but are also present in the gastrointestinal tract. This new understanding of bitter receptors changes our perception of how bitter herbs work and suggests that tasting them is not essential for their digestive benefits.

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Bitter Benefits

Understanding the role of Bitter Taste Receptors traditionally, it was believed that bitters stimulated digestion by interacting with receptors on the tongue, which then sent signals to the brain and digestive organs. Recent research has identified around 30 bitter taste receptors (TAS2Rs) and has also discovered that these receptors are not restricted to the mouth but are also present in the gastrointestinal tract. This new understanding of bitter receptors changes our perception of how bitter herbs work and suggests that tasting them is not essential for their digestive benefits.

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Bitter Greens

The addition of leafy bitterness to your diet by simply adding bitter leaves and vegetables into your meals can improve digestion and hormonal health. Examples of bitter leaves include dandelion greens, arugula or rocket, endive, and radicchio. Try adding these greens to your salads, sautéing them with garlic and olive oil, or blending them into a green smoothie.

Bitter Herbs

Incorporating bitter herbs into your daily routine can be as simple as enjoying a cup of digestive herbal tea. These teas often feature a blend of bitter herbs that work synergistically to improve digestion and overall health. Here are some popular herbal blends and formulas that you can try to experience the benefits of bitter herbs:

Traditional Digestive Tea Blend

Gentian root, Wormwood, Fennel seeds, Peppermint leaves, Chamomile flowers

This classic blend combines the digestive benefits of bitter herbs like gentian and wormwood with the soothing and calming properties of fennel, peppermint, and chamomile. The result is a tea that not only enhances digestion but also relaxes the gastrointestinal tract, reducing discomfort and bloating.

Scandinavian Bitter Tea Blend

Dandelion root, Burdock root, Licorice root, Calendula flowers, Orange peel

This Scandinavian-inspired blend offers a milder bitter taste with the addition of licorice root and orange peel. Dandelion and burdock roots provide gentle bitter properties, while calendula flowers offer anti-inflammatory benefits to help soothe the digestive system.

Liver Support Tea Blend

Milk thistle seeds, Artichoke leaves, Boldo leaves, Ginger root, Lemon balm

This liver-supportive blend features artichoke leaves and boldo leaves, both of which have bitter compounds that stimulate bile production and aid in detoxification. Milk thistle seeds provide further liver support, while ginger and lemon balm add flavor and digestive benefits to the mix.

Ayurvedic Digestive Tea Blend

Cumin seeds, Coriander seeds, Fennel seeds, Cardamom pods, Ginger root

Inspired by the ancient Indian system of Ayurveda, this warming blend incorporates aromatic spices with gentle bitter and digestive properties. Cumin, coriander, and fennel seeds all support digestion, while cardamom and ginger add a spicy kick and additional digestive benefits.

Bitter Greens Tea Blend

Nettle leaves, Dandelion leaves, Raspberry leaves, Peppermint leaves, Lemon verbena

For a green tea experience that provides a range of beneficial bitter compounds, try this blend of nettle, dandelion, and raspberry leaves. Peppermint and lemon verbena add a refreshing touch to this nourishing and healthful tea.

Remember to consult with a healthcare professional or a naturopath before incorporating any new herbs into your routine, especially if you have any pre-existing medical conditions or are taking medications. Enjoying a cup of bitter herbal tea daily can be a great way to include these powerful herbs in your diet and support hormonal health and digestion during menopause or perimenopause.

 Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has a long history of using bitter herbs and herbal formulas to support digestion and overall health. These formulas are often composed of various herbs that work together to address a wide range of digestive issues. Here are some popular TCM herbal formulas that incorporate bitter herbs for digestive support:

Bao He Wan

  • Hawthorn fruit (Shan Zha)
  • Massa fermentata (Shen Qu)
  • Radish seed (Lai Fu Zi)
  • Tangerine peel (Chen Pi)
  • Forsythia fruit (Lian Qiao)
  • Pinellia rhizome (Ban Xia)
  • Poria (Fu Ling)

Bao He Wan is a classic TCM formula for indigestion, bloating, and acid reflux. This formula combines bitter herbs like hawthorn fruit and forsythia fruit with other herbs known to support digestion and reduce excess stomach acid.

Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang

  • Codonopsis root (Dang Shen)
  • Atractylodes rhizome (Bai Zhu)
  • Poria (Fu Ling)
  • Licorice root (Gan Cao)
  • Tangerine peel (Chen Pi)
  • Pinellia rhizome (Ban Xia)
  • Aucklandia root (Mu Xiang)
  • Amomum fruit (Sha Ren)

Xiang Sha Liu Jun Zi Tang is a modified version of the classic Liu Jun Zi Tang formula, with the addition of bitter herbs aucklandia root and amomum fruit. This formula is used to treat poor appetite, bloating, and diarrhea caused by weak digestive function and is particularly suitable for those with a weak spleen and stomach in TCM terms.

Huang Lian Shang Qing Wan 

  • Coptis rhizome (Huang Lian)
  • Scutellaria root (Huang Qin)
  • Forsythia fruit (Lian Qiao)
  • Gardenia fruit (Zhi Zi)
  • Mint (Bo He)
  • Licorice root (Gan Cao)

Huang Lian Shang Qing Wan is a powerful formula that contains several bitter herbs like coptis rhizome, scutellaria root, and forsythia fruit. This formula is used to clear heat and dampness in TCM terms, which can manifest as digestive issues, such as acid reflux, gastritis, or ulcers.

Remember to consult with a TCM practitioner, healthcare professional, or a naturopath before incorporating any new herbs or herbal formulas into your routine, especially if you have any pre-existing medical conditions or are taking medications. Including TCM herbal formulas in your daily routine can provide an additional layer of support for hormonal health and digestion during menopause.

Bitter Recipe Inspiration

Embrace bitter flavours in Your kitchen, including bitter foods into your diet can be as simple as adding a handful of bitter greens to your salad or experimenting with bitter herbs in your cooking. Here are some recipe ideas to get you started.

Dandelion green salad with goat cheese, walnuts, and a lemon vinaigrette

Bitter green smoothie with kale, arugula, cucumber, and green apple

Roasted radicchio and endive with balsamic glaze

Wormwood tea or gentian-infused digestive cocktail

Arugula and Fennel Salad

Combine fresh arugula, thinly sliced fennel, and toasted walnuts with a simple lemon vinaigrette for a refreshing and bitter green salad.

Sautéed Dandelion Greens

Sauté dandelion greens with garlic and olive oil, then finish with a splash of lemon juice or vinegar for a nutritious and bitter side dish.

Bitter Melon Stir-Fry

Stir-fry thinly sliced bitter melon with your choice of protein, vegetables, and a savory sauce for a flavourful and healthy meal.

Radicchio and Pear Salad

Toss chopped radicchio with sliced pears, goat cheese, and toasted pecans, then dress with a balsamic vinaigrette for a delicious, bitter salad.

Endive and Smoked Salmon canape

Fill Belgian endive leaves with smoked salmon, cream cheese, and capers for a tasty and elegant appetizer featuring a hint of bitterness.

Broccoli Rabe with Chili and Garlic

Sauté broccoli rabe with garlic, red chili flakes, and olive oil for a spicy, bitter, and delicious side dish.

Bitter Greens Soup

Prepare a nourishing soup with a mix of bitter greens, such as kale, collard greens, and mustard greens, along with onions, garlic, and vegetable broth.

Grilled Chicory with Balsamic Glaze

Grill halved chicory heads and drizzle with a balsamic glaze for a deliciously bitter and slightly sweet side dish.

Bitter Chocolate Smoothie

Blend raw cacao powder, banana, almond milk, and a touch of honey for a bitter chocolate smoothie packed with antioxidants and nutrients.

Artichoke and Spinach Dip

Combine steamed artichoke hearts, spinach, cream cheese, and Parmesan cheese for a delicious and creamy dip featuring the bitter taste of artichokes.


Experiment with these recipe ideas to include more bitter foods in your diet and enjoy the potential health benefits they provide. Don’t be afraid to get creative and incorporate bitter ingredients into your favourite dishes! For more recipe ideas and cooking classes which always include some bitter foods, check out The Cooking Naturopath for some inspiration.

To further enhance your menopausal journey, consider joining our Menopause Makeover program, a holistic approach to managing menopause symptoms that includes personalised guidance, support, and additional resources tailored to your needs.

Together, we can help you transition through menopause with greater ease and confidence. Contact us today to get started on your health and vital life.

Vitamin C deficiency causing scurvy

Menopause Makeover – 8 week program

Check out my blog post on Healthy recipes to support you in menopause.

If you’d like more information on how I can support you during menopause, I’d love to work with you.

Contact me

The Lowdown on Essential Fatty Acids

The Lowdown on Essential Fatty Acids

Are you tired of hearing about omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and wondering what all the fuss is about? Well, you’ve come to the right place, I’m all about healthy oils. So here is what you need to know about how they impact our health, and why it’s crucial to have a balance of omega-3, omega-6, and even omega-9 in our diets.

Vitamin C deficiency causing scurvy

Essential Fatty Acids ~ What’s the deal?

Fatty acids are the building blocks of fats in our bodies and our food. They play a vital role in our overall health, from glowing skin to a well-functioning brain. Two fatty acids—linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3) are considered essential because our bodies can’t produce them, so we need to get them from our diets.

Omega 3 vs Omega 6 vs Omega 9

What’s the Difference?

Omega-3 ~ These are polyunsaturated fats known for their anti-inflammatory properties. They’re found in fatty fish, flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts. Omega-3s support brain health, heart health, and reduce inflammation.

Omega-6 ~ Also polyunsaturated fats, omega-6 fatty acids are primarily found in vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds. While they also play a role in brain function and maintaining healthy skin and hair, they can promote inflammation when consumed in excess.

Omega-9 ~ Unlike omega-3 and omega-6, omega-9 fatty acids are not essential because our bodies can produce them. They’re monounsaturated fats found in olive oil, avocados, and nuts. Omega-9s can help improve heart health and reduce inflammation 

Protein for wound healing
omega-3 for wound healing

Striking the Right Balance

It’s essential to have a proper balance of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in our diets. The modern Western diet tends to be high in omega-6 and low in omega-3, which can lead to chronic inflammation and increase the risk of various health issues.

We should aim to consume more omega-3-rich foods, such as fatty fish, flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts, and reduce your intake of omega-6-heavy foods like vegetable oils, processed snacks, and fast food.

Boosting your Omega 9 Intake

While not essential, omega-9 fatty acids can still offer some fantastic health benefits. Try incorporating more olive oil, avocados, and almonds into your diet to boost your omega-9 intake and further support your heart health and overall well-being.

Essential fatty acids play a crucial role in our health, and understanding the differences between omega-3, omega-6, and omega-9 can help you make better food choices. If you’re looking to optimize your EFA intake and maintain a healthy balance, consider speaking with a naturopath to get personalised advice tailored to your unique needs.

Ready to take control of your health and learn more about essential fatty acids? Don’t hesitate to reach out to us! Our experienced team of naturopath is here to help guide you on your wellness journey. Click the link below to book a consultation today, and let’s work together to achieve optimal health and well-being!


Vitamin C deficiency causing scurvy

Are you needing some recipe inspiration to increase your essential fatty acid intake with delicious meal ideas, check out my favorite recipes at The Cooking Naturopath.

My Favorite Tofu Salad

My Favorite Tofu Salad

This simple Tofu Salad or Korean Dubu salad could not be easier and is one of my all time favourite tofu dishes. Is makes it very easy to boost your phytoestrogen intake which is great if you are menopausal, but not if you are taking hormone blocking drugs. I enjoy it on its one or as a side dish in a Korean meal. This recipe comes from the wonderfully inspiring Korean food blogger Hyosun from Korean Bapsang. Her recipes are always delicious and generally very simple so if  you love Korean food as I do, she is a great place to start, her Kimchi recipes are spot on too, I always have a batch in my fridge.  

Vitamin C deficiency causing scurvy


1 package Soft Or Silken Tofu
57 grams Spring Salad Mix
2 Scallions , Finely Chopped (1/4 cup)
1/2 tsp Minced Garlic
2 tbsps Soy Sauce or tamari or Soyu
1 tbsp Vinegar or Lemon Juice
1 tbsp Rice Wine (mirin)
1 tsp Sugar
1/2 tsp Gochugaru (Korean red chili pepper flakes)
1 tsp Sesame Oil
2 tsps Sesame Seeds



Mix all the sauce ingredients in a small bowl.
Wash the spring mix and drain.
In a medium size pot, bring about 4 cups of water to a boil and add the tofu. Cover and
boil for 5 minutes over medium heat.
Carefully transfer the tofu to a colander to drain and cool.
Cut the tofu into two blocks. Cut each block into about 1/2-inch thick slices.
Spread some spring mix on a plate. Arrange the tofu slices on top of the spring mix.
Drizzle the sauce over the tofu when ready to serve.


Protein for wound healing

If you have enjoyed this recipe and want to explore more healthy meal suggestions, check out my foodie business,

The Cooking Naturopath, or follow me on Instagram or Facebook for meal inspiration.